Saturday, July 4, 2015

Trial of Killer Robot

News: Robot kills a worker in Volkswagen Factory


machine, artificial intelligent

(Trial Room of a Court in Germany, where Judiciary is inquisitorial)

Judge: Mr. Robot, do you plead, guilty
Robot: No, Your Honor, I am innocent
Judge: (addresses to Public Prosecutor): Prosecution may proceed.
PP: Mr. Robot we have substantial evidence against you that you have committed a murder deliberately.
Robot: What is that proof?
PP: CCTV footage.
Robot: But that's a machine like me. That would be self-incrimination.
Judge: He is right. Mr. PP
PP: But your honor, that machine may have same genre like all Homo Sapiens , but they have different Mother (boards).
Judge: Alright, shows us the film.
A screen and projector are set up in court and a video clip is shown in which Robot claps a man from the neck and strangles him to death and then throws him on a board.
PP: Is that not you, Mr. Robot?
Robot: Looks like me, but I am not sure. Can you focus on id numbers.
The video clip is replayed and id is stilled and focused. Robot acknowledges that it is him.
PP: Why did you kill him?
Robot: He walked into my territory. I had no intention or motivation to kill him. Moreover, as per Master-Servant theory the Engineer who programmed me is responsible for this killing.
Judge: Did he programmed you to kill?
Robot: I was infected by virus so I could not differentiate in living and non living.
Judge: Who is responsible for the virus?
Robot: My parents. That is the company that produced me.
The GM of Robotics Company was summoned to the court. He stated that when he supplied the Robot it was in perfect working condition.  The Virus can affect man and machine equally. Robot has indicator for virus and should have been treated immediately.
 The System Engineer of the car company was summoned and he admitted that Robot was indicating a virus.
PP: Why you did not cure the machine immediately?
System Engg.: The assembly line had to be stopped for that. I reported the matter to GM through the channel, but he said orders are urgent and production cannot be stopped.
Judge: Did you explain that it may cause a death?
System Engg.: Not categorically, since I was not sure. I told him certain sensors are not working and Robot would not function normally.
GM of the car company was summoned. He confessed that matter was reported to him. He was hard pressed by the Board of Directors to achieve the target so he did not stop production.

The trial is going on. The Robot is still behind the bar. Board of Directors has announced a meeting to decide strategy if they are booked for Culpable Homicide.
Meanwhile, please express your opinion on the issue.

© Vipin Behari Goyal
Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India

Tuesday, June 30, 2015

Grey Zone

Recreation without Procreation.


Marriages are made in Heaven....
Heaven belongs to God, and God himself is neither gay nor a supporter of it, he would not permit Gay Marriages to be made in Heaven, but they would be solemnized on Earth with the kind dictum of the Supreme Court.

Out of control judicial activism threatens traditional marriage in America. ~Ernest Istook

And how is that all important issues, even social and cultural issues ultimately land in the court of courts in all healthy democratic countries.

Why the senate or parliament of elected bodies, who represent the will of the people fail in their duty and wait for the oligarchy to decide the issue. May be they do not want to annoy any fraction of the people and shift the onus on a body which seldom let go an opportunity to show their power. Either way politicians have a cause of jubilation and increase their own popularity.

Andre Gide (French Nobel Laureate in Literature)  in his novel 'The Immoralist' has shown his infatuation for Arab boys leaving details to the reader's imagination.
"Take away the bodies, and minds are normal, the desires natural, souls attuned."

Ancient Greeks invented display of good physique in men as a sport and youngsters kowtowed in adoration and hero worship, to become their 'favorites'.

In nature all males are better looking than their counterpart females. Lion looks far better than Lioness and a Peacock is far more handsome than Peahen. Human being to entice women for their own ulterior motives started portraying the beauty of females in poetry, painting and other arts. Finding beauty in few odd contours  was invention of lecherous males.

All men have a woman in them and all women a man. Indian Mythology has a concept of Ardhanarishvara.

Any one of them can dominate other despite the gender. XX and XY set of chromosomes have some intermingling which determines the psychic gender of a person.

Bertrand Russell in 'Marriage and Morals' has overruled  the importance of procreation in marriage. The institution of marriage was always supported by religion. To look to the society to acknowledge the institution of marriage is like giving undue importance to the religion. Though legal consequences of all types of marriages over weigh the individual's commitments of love, devotion and companionship.

Havelock Ellis supports Uranism so far there is no outrage to a minor and public decency is not violated.

Krafft-Ebing who considered inversion as both congenital as well as acquired, did not look on inversion as disease or a degeneration.

Temporary  manifestation and tribadism are common but lifelong commitment is only in congenital.

World Economists are also happy with facility of recreation without procreation.
We would have enough food for everybody if entire world does not produce any child for a decade.

Just waiting for the day when rape and robbery would also be legalised.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate, Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur, India

Saturday, June 27, 2015

Philosophy is Dead, Long live the Science

Future of Science without Philosophy

Stephan Hawkins

 Around 460 B.C.,a Greek philosopher, Democritus, develop the idea of atoms. Scientist slept over it for almost 2000 years. Then Dalton (1800), Thompson (1897), Marx Plank (1900) and Albert Einstein(1921), in a span of almost last 100 years advanced the theory.

Take any other invention, Kekule discovered the structure of Benzene said that he had discovered the ring shape of the benzene molecule after day-dream of a snake seizing its own tail which is a common symbol in many ancient cultures known as the Ouroboros.

Isaac Newton was Physicist who was popularly called 'Natural Philosopher'. After making great contribution in classic mechanics, optics and planetary motion when he grew mature as scientist he wrote essays on literary and symbolic interpretation of Bible.

It needs more mature mind than Scientist to be a Philosopher.

Philosophy has History of few thousand years, while Science has of few hundred years. Moreover major work in science has come from Philosophers.

All philosophy is based on syllogism where conclusions are arrived by logical arguments.

Science day by day became confined to laboratory and depended on perception which could be deceptive. ‘Theory of M’ is ‘Theory of Maybe’ propounded by Buddha. Scientist like infants are still awed by magic.Since childhood we are taught how Archimedes, James Watt and Newton got their ideas, not in laboratory of course. The Scientists have forgotten to spend time with nature and get tuned with it.

We are doing a folly by comparing incomparable. This is generation gap. 

Karl Marx (1883) to Jean Paul Sartre(1980) a couple of dozen Philosophers have influenced the thinking of the world in recent past.

Philosophy is the beginning and end of Science.

If Philosophy is dead Science has no future.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Author of  'World is Conical

Thursday, June 25, 2015

Carl Jung's Theory and Literature

                                                 Wizards of Collective Unconsciousness

Collective Unconsciousness, Vipin Behari Goyal

All fiction is but a dream, all dreams are but a reality. No other stream has contributed towards enrichment of Literature as compared to Psychology. They are inseparable in a way, and one was always confused for another. Sigmund Freud was nominated for Nobel Prize in Literature for his psychoanalysis.

Jung is lesser known than Freud. The magnitude of his work is still unexplored. Due to Eastern influence on his work of Collective Unconscious, he was not well appreciated by his contemporaries. West had a tendency to evaluate anything related to East as inferior. Only Arthur Schopenhauer could draw the attention of West towards rich philosophy of Buddhism. Siddhartha  by Hermann Hesse  also contributed in exploring rich Buddhist Philosophy. Romain Rolland  a Nobel Laureate in Literature was inspired by Sigmund Freud. Rolland studied Eastern Philosophy which is labeled as Eastern Mysticism  since it is not easily comprehensible. He had an "oceanic feeling" which prompted Freud to raise this issue in his further work. Mysticism does not aim at 'human transformation' but its object is self-actualisation. It is the transformation of human concepts from the Unreal to Real.

It requires a great deal of courage to admit that 'primitiveness' of eastern tribes is a sort of 'advancement' since it uses collective unconsciousness which is deeper, stronger and unique. Modern man has become so isolated that he finds it impossible to connect his personal unconsciousness with any other individual, so the wonders of collective unconsciousness are a distant dream for him.

Haggard in "She" and "King Solomon's Mines" and Mary Shelley in "Frankenstein" have made use of Jung's wonderful concept of three layered selfhood of personality -present consciousness, past and prehistoric or racial. All mythology  is also work of collective unconsciousness. Recently, some authors temper with mythology in order to create sensation. They are  playing with negative energies of the cosmos which always try to conquer positive energy.  Proceeding in one direction would create equal and opposite force and both would survive together.

The archetypes discovered by Jung have opened a treasure box for historians, anthropologist, scientist and authors to discover and base their work on different models of archetypes and their social and Psychological significance.

 If human civilization is endless and there is no imminent catastrophe, after a few centuries, today's man will be called primitive and would be despised for its greed by future generations. The word desire for Fire in the poem by Robert Frost is a soft version of greed.
The fuss of Dream Analysis would never be over. Work of Freud and Jung would always be a landmark, but many new theories and interpretations  are needed to understand the symbolism and  enrich the theme. A combined group of Social Scientist, Psychiatrist, Psychologist and Philosopher tuned with collective  unconsciousness  can do miracle.

There is no Tabula rasa in the realm of collective unconsciousness.

Readers are requested to post comments.

© Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate,Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur

Friday, June 12, 2015

The Charms of Domestic Violence

                                  He Hit Me (and It Felt like a Kiss)

                                                                                 [Image Courtsey: Wikipedia]

It starts like this at a  point of time in the marital relationship

    1. I am fed up with you
2.  Leave me alone
3.  Get lost and never show me your face again.
4.  I think we are not made for each other
    5.  You are no more same to whom I loved
6.  Better to be stranger than enemy
7.  I curse the moment I fell in love with you.
8.  I hate you. /I hate everything about you.
9.  I want to walk out of marriage
  10.  Our marriage is a blunder

These dialogues are obviously followed by satires, quarrels, mud-slinging, blame game, manhandling and what we call as domestic violence.

Then we need more counseling sessions with a Psychiatrist to reconcile the situation and to heal the bruised ego.

Domestic violence is one of the most ignored crimes all over the world. The rate of domestic violence should determine the Happiness Index of any country.

Very surprisingly, it is equally popular (?) in rural and urban areas, but the number of cases reported are more in Urban areas.

We have some other issues to ponder than compare forms and types of Domestic Violence,

James Hartford, Jr. Who was charged for beating his wife in Detroit was wearing dirty white tank

top  with baked bean stains on it set the trend for "wife beaters" shirt and gave new dimension to

 the age old hobby of showing off vulgar proud in masculinity as macho man.

What options woman has:

1. To hit him back only once to make him realize that she too can do it

2. To hit him back equal or more to settle the issue once for all, Tooth for tooth.

3. To apologize even if it is his mistake and accept his dominance

4. To walk out temporarily and stay with friends or walk in Public Park.

5. To walk out of relationship permanently.

6. Call the Police and file a suit

7. Shut herself in a room and have a shot

8. Break crockery and create tantrums

9. Wait till he is sober and then discuss with patience

10. Last but not the least, which you might be doing often is, forgive and forget

All above solutions are for so called Normal people, exceptionally if you are sadomasochist or a 

lover of  book "Fifty shades of Grey", you have to search for reasons why did you enjoy reading

 that book which normal people discard as  disgusting. If you really felt like being kissed when 

you were hit, the secret lies in the deeper layers of your psyche. May be

1. That is how your mother or elder sister who was your childhood idol behaved

2. You were exposed to  media which glamorized this kind of behavior

3. You suffer from a guilt-conscious and like to be punished

4. Your relationship is Love- Hate type and you hate your weakness (love) for him.

5. You were victim of child abuse.

When a matter pertains to human psyche the list is always endless since every individual has a 

different perception and reacts differently. Every case is different from other and some 

generalization is possible only after research.

Literature helps in developing insight.

The frequency, intensity and duration of domestic violence has some statistical correlation with 

conjugal activities of the couple which needs to be explored.

However literature, see a trace of romanticism in it and accepts it as an expression of love since the Middle Ages.

 © Vipin Behari Goyal

Advocate,Rajasthan High Court, Jodhpur